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The Search for the Best Water Filter Pitchers of 2019

Best Water Filter Pitcher

Finding the best water filter pitcher can be difficult because there are so many, and the features can be confusing and hard to compare. We rank and review 10 of the top water filter pitchers of 2018 to enable the consumer to make an informed decision when purchasing one for the home.

Product FAQs

  1. What are water filter pitchers?

Water filter pitchers strain water through a reservoir containing a charcoal filter to remove impurities. Sometimes they are known as “pour-through pitchers.”  They usually hold anywhere from 6 cups to a gallon of water and are best for home use.

  1. How does a water filter pitcher work?

Water filter pitchers use a filter to remove chemicals and contaminants. The process by which it does this is known as adsorption. The use of activated charcoal is good for removing chlorine and some other impurities but cannot remove lead or fluoride. The charcoal can’t make hard water softer, remove microbes or heavy metals, so some pitchers use other means of adsorption. This is a partial list of things that most water filter pitchers will remove, depending on the type and how often the filter is changed:

  • Chlorine
  • Zinc
  • Nominal Particulates
  • Hydrogen Sulfide
  • Cysts
  • Turbidity
  • Trace pharmaceuticals
  1.  Why use a water filter pitcher?

A water filter pitcher is a great option for those looking to remove chemicals and contaminants that are easily removed by charcoal and other filters. Having the water tested before choosing a water filtration system is wise to ensure the best option is chosen. Other options include reverse osmosis and other types of whole house filtration systems.

  1. Where can a good water filter pitcher be purchased?

Good water filter pitchers can be found online at stores such as Amazon. Some Target stores carry them as well as Walmart.

  1. How do these chemicals get into our water?

Tap water is generally safe to drink. Municipal water treatment plants add chlorine and other chemicals to river, lake and underground aquifer water to remove harmful bacteria and viruses that might be in it to make it safe for human consumption.

How We Reviewed

We based our reviews on customer comments, features available and price.

Top Ten Water Filter Pitchers

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The Invigorated Water pH RESTORE Water Filter Pitcher produces alkaline water, which is supposed to be better for a person’s health by raising the body’s pH. The benefits of alkalinity aside, this is a great pitcher, producing 264 gallons of water per one filter.


  • The pitcher is comfortable and has a slim outline, perfect for fitting in an overcrowded fridge.
  • It produces alkaline water which has a health benefit.
  • The package includes two filters, each lasting three months.
  • The filter actually puts minerals back into the water such as selenium, calcium and


  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase with a 100% satisfaction money back guarantee during that period.

ZeroWater 12 Cup Pitcher with Filter, Travel Tumbler + 1 Extra Filter...
  • ZEROWATER’S ULTIMATE FILTRATION PACK:. Enjoy the purest tasting water at home or on-the-go with the 12-Cup Ready Pour...
  • FIVE STAGE WATER FILTRATION: Unlike many water filters & pitchers, ZeroWater filters use 5 stages of filtration, to...
  • GET MORE OUT OF YOUR WATER: Remove more impurities from your water with ZeroWater's unique, 5 stage filter system. With...

The ZeroWater Water Filter Pitcher is our number two pick for several reasons. It uses a deionization process, which removes heavy metals, unlike standard charcoal filters alone. The taste is crisp, clear and fresh. In fact, some users that are familiar with the taste of the chemicals in their water found it unusual because it removes flavors associated with the chemicals as well.


  • It’s a comfortable and sturdy pitcher with two pouring options (one from the top and one from the bottom for pouring while it is filtering).
  • There is a paid recycling program for returning filters through ZeroWater.


  • It is slow to fill, probably one of the slower filters at 1 minute 50 seconds per cup of water.
  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase.

Aquagear Water Filter Pitcher - Fluoride, Lead, Chlorine, Chromium-6...
  • Premium design for health and sustainability. Filter made in USA, BPA-free, recyclable.
  • Removes 20x more contaminants than leading competitor, including fluoride, lead, chromium 6, chloramines, mercury, and...
  • Rigorously tested. NSF Standards 42 and 53 met for contaminant reduction. Tested in Flint, Michigan for lead and copper...

The Aquagear Water Filter Pitcher does an amazing 150 gallons per filter and boasts of being able to remove the most fluoride, which most filters simply can’t get out very well.


  • One of the most effective at removing 90% of fluoride which can usually only be done previously with reverse osmosis or a whole house system.
  • The filters on this system are also recyclable and able to be sent back to the manufacturer using preprinted labels.
  • This filter leaves good minerals such as calcium, magnesium and selenium in the water.


  • This pitcher is also very slow to fill.
  • It doesn’t have any notice as to when to change filters, which can be frustrating.
  • warranty

It holds a lifetime warranty, and a user can request a new one for a break, chip or crack.

PUR PPT111W Ultimate Filtration Water Filter Pitcher, 11 Cup
  • WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM – Quickly and easily enjoy cleaner, filtered water in your fridge with the PUR 11-Cup Ultimate...
  • PUR LEAD REDUCTION FILTER – PUR water filtration pitcher filters are WQA certified to reduce lead and other harmful...
  • WHY WATER FILTRATION? Tap water may look clean, but can contain potentially harmful pollutants & contaminants from...

This filtered pitcher rids the water of 22 contaminants over 1-2 months of use, filtering 40 gallons on one filter. It’s BPA-free, and both the filter and pitcher are recyclable.


  • The pitcher is very good at removing pharmaceuticals and many contaminants, which many pitchers are not.
  • It has a very efficient filtration system.


  • It has very slow filtration, and again, is one of the slowest.
  • The pitcher leaves fluoride in the water, which is something many people want to filter
  • warranty

90-day warranty.

The Seychelle Pitcher uses two filters making it much faster at filtering than a pitcher with just one filter. It removes 99.99% of usual contaminants, making it one of the most effective filters around.


  • The filters work incredibly fast, especially compared to some of the slower models out there.


  • The filters on this model clog easily, meaning well or salty water shouldn’t be used in these pitchers and should only have municipal water in them to avoid clogging them.
  • The pitcher and filter aren’t able to be used for hard water. The hard water can clog the filters as well.
  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase.

Reshape Water 10-Cup Pitcher with 2 Long-Lasting Cost Effective...
  • OUR FILTERS ARE BPA FREE & INDEPENDENTLY TESTED by a US-Based Laboratory, and SGS CERTIFIED. They remove or reduce...
  • RAISE pH – Not just a water purifier, our mineral rich filters help strip away contaminants while adding in natural,...

The Reshape is an unusual looking pitcher that again is an alkaline one. It comes with two filter cartridges, so they will last about 2-3 months before another purchase will need to be made. The filters for the Reshape are amongst the most complex available today. They use an ion-exchange filter, an activated carbon one, FIR balls, and then negative potential particles to remove all the impurities in the water.


  • This filter pitcher has an antioxidant effect by producing negative ions in the water.
  • It also can put minerals back in such as calcium, selenium and zinc, which many cannot. It comes with replaceable parts, which is unusual but helps reduce cost by replacing sections instead of the entire pitcher.


  • The filter is difficult to change. Luckily, it doesn’t have to be done often, so it isn’t a deal breaker, but it is a concern if arthritis is a problem.
  • There isn’t a gauge to tell the user when to change filters. The user tells by how slow the water is flowing.
  • It is very slow to filter.
  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase.

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Brita, one of the best known names in the industry, comes in at number 7 on this list. BPA-free, as most of them are, it has an indicator to tell the user when to change the filter. It’s very comfortable to use and takes out most impurities in the water.


  • It has a comfortable hande, which is important as this is a larger-sized pitcher.
  • Brita is a well-known name and deemed reliable by consumers.


  • This pitcher doesn’t filter as many contaminants out as the other pitchers on our list do.
  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase.

DRAGONN Alkaline Water Pitcher - 3.5 Liters, Free Filter Included,...
  • Fresh, Instantly Filtered Alkaline Water - Utilizes 7 stage cartridge - removing chlorine, odors, and heavy metals....
  • Unique Design - The slim pitcher easily fits in any refrigerator, and the lid lets you fill the reservoir without...
  • Economical and Environmentally Friendly - Eliminates Plastic bottles - Premium (BPA Free) food grade with AS and ABS...

This model is one of the largest pitchers on our list and has one of the most complicated filters. It softens the water by raising the pH, treats it with infrared energy, and removes contaminants. All of this is very impressive for the price.


  • This water filter both remineralizes and alkalizes the water. Both are significant health benefits.


  • The filters clog easily.
  • The filters only last 1-2 months.
  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase.

Brita Small 6 Cup Water Filter Pitcher with 1 Standard Filter, BPA...
  • SMALL WATER PITCHER: This small, plastic water filtration pitcher is easy to pour and refill. The space efficient...
  • CLEANER AND GREAT TASTING: The BPA free Brita filter reduces chlorine (taste and odor), copper, mercury, zinc and...
  • FILTER CHANGE REMINDER: For optimum performance, a helpful status indicator on your filtered water pitcher notifies you...

Brita, again, is a very popular system and having two on the list is telling. The company uses a sticker system for filter change reminders or email reminders are a choice, too.


  • Brita has a fast filtering system, making it very popular for families with young children who don’t want to wait for fresh water.
  • The filters are very easy to change.


  • This pitcher is very small, so it will have to be refilled often.
  • warranty

90 days from the date of purchase.

Alexapure Pitcher Water Filtration System, Reduces up to 92...
  • Revolutionary pitcher-style water filtration system
  • Reduces up to 99.9% of contaminants found in treated water, including lead, chromium-6, radon-222, volatile organic...
  • Optimum Filter Performance up to 80 Gallons

Another BPA-free pitcher, this one removes 99.99% of contaminants, but again, the user can only put treated municipal water through it. Fluoride is reduced by 90%, which is the same as some of the other top pitchers. The filters are a bit on the expensive side so check the prices before buying the pitcher.


  • This pitcher filters 99.99% of contaminants.


  • Expensive filters
  • warranty

45 days on unopened products.

Comparison Table

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Capacity: 96 gallons per filter (1-2 months)​

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ZeroWater 12-Cup Ready-Pour Pitcher with Free TDS Meter (Total...

Capacity: 79 gallons of water per filter (1-2 months)

Aquagear Water Filter Pitcher - Fluoride, Lead, Chlorine, Chromium-6...

Capacity: 150 gallons per filter (2-3 months)

PUR CR1100CV Classic Water Filter Pitcher Filtration System, 11 Cup

Capacity: 40 gallons per filter (1 month)

Seychelle Pitcher with Regular Dual Filters Included - New Design with...

Capacity: 200 gallons filtered water per filter (3 months)

Reshape Water 10-Cup Pitcher with 2 Long-Lasting Cost Effective...

Capacity: 79 gallons per 1-2 months of use

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Capacity: 80 gallons per 1-2 months of use

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DRAGONN Alkaline Water Pitcher - 3.5 Liters, Free Filter Included,...

Capacity: 80 gallons per 1-2 months of use

Brita Small 6 Cup Water Filter Pitcher with 1 Standard Filter, BPA...

Capacity: ​60 gallons per 1-2 months of use

Alexapure Pitcher Water Filtration System, Reduces up to 92...

Capacity: 80 gallons per 1-2 months of use


The Invigorated Water pH RESTORE Alkaline 3.5 L Water Filter Pitcher is our winner. The slim outline, remineralization and inclusion of six months of filters puts it at the top of our list. Despite being a little pricier than some of the others, this price is easily made up in filter cost. This makes it number one in our book.

The Best Water Purification Tablets to Have in Case of Emergency

best water purification tablets

Clean water is a given for life, but certain circumstances may call for purification of one's water source. The average adult cannot last more than a few days without enough clean water—the EPA recommends half a gallon of clean, fresh water a day, and no one wants lead, arsenic, bacteria, or other toxic contaminants in his or her canteen of drinking water. Tap water, municipal water, lake water, and bottled water are all at risk for contamination. If clean water accessibility and pollution issues concern you, then this article is for you and will prepare you for whatever emergencies may arise using the best water purification tablets available.

We have researched several brands of purification tablets in the paragraphs below. This article will review each of the best water purification tablets focusing on price, how the tablets work, how long it takes before purification finishes, and where to purchase each brand of water purification tablets. We'll first mention a few commonly asked questions and the different water purification chemicals used in products to get you started.

Product FAQ for the Best Water Purification Tablets

1. What Are Water Purification Tablets?

2. What Situations Are Appropriate for These Tablets?

3. How Do You Apply the Tablets to the Water?

4. What Are Some Additional Benefits of Purification Tablets?

What Types of Water Purification Products Can Be Used?


Iodine works surprisingly well as an antiseptic, and it's also a necessary nutrient for the human body. After applying this substance, the wait time for purification is thirty to sixty minutes. Iodine is effective against bacteria, viruses, and parasites, like Giardia. Warmer water works better for iodine. Water applied with iodine will have an iodine-like taste; this is normal, although some products may remove the awkward taste. Most iodine purification tablets last for up to six years on the shelf.


Chlorine in the pool

Image by Adriano Gadini from Pixabay 

The wait time for purification is thirty to forty-five minutes. Like iodine, chlorine is effective against bacteria, viruses, and somewhat effective against Giardia. Most chlorine purification methods will be droplets rather than tablets. Chlorinated water has a bleach-like smell which will dissipate in the open air. The average shelf life is five years.

Chlorine Dioxide

This method of purification requires about four hours but kills a broader range of bacteria that other substances won't. Chlorine dioxide does not alter the taste or smell of the water once the purification process is complete. Chlorine dioxide is especially potent against parasites like Giardia but takes longer to have a full cleansing on a batch of water. The shelf life is four years in a dry environment.

How We Reviewed the Best Water Purification Tablets

After careful research of the best water purification tablets on the market, we've constructed a comprehensive list of products that are both affordable and effective for consumers. We reviewed the following products based on price, accessibility, the chemicals used to purify water, and how long they last.

Overall Price Range

Potable Aqua Water Purification Tablets With PA Plus - Two 50 count...

The higher priced products come with a longer shelf life, no aftertaste from purification, and no chemical residues. The more economical products may not cleanse the water compared to the more expensive tablets. Some products offer larger deals or multiple sets of tablets at a better price.

What We Reviewed

Below are five products our research suggested to be the best water purification tablets on the market.

  • Katadyn Micropur MP1
  • Aquamira Chlorine Dioxide Water Purifier Tablets
  • Aquatabs AQT100
  • Potable Aqua Water Purification Tablets
  • TAC-H2O

Katadyn Micropur MP1 Purification Tablets (20 count)
  • Crafted from the highest quality material ensuring quality and durability
  • Perfect for indoor and outdoor use
  • Made in the U. S. A.

About the Product

This product is chlorine dioxide-based with a five-year shelf life. Twenty tablets come in a package, and only one tablet is needed for purification of one liter. Wait time is thirty minutes for most pathogens—up to four hours for a complete cleanse. The tablets don't leave an aftertaste in the water, unlike with iodine or straight chlorine. This product meets EPA standards for microbiological water purification.

The Manufacturer

Katadyn is an American company that produces reliable water filters and chlorine dioxide tablets. They have a strong reputation among hikers and backpackers with their Katadyn Micropur MP1 tablets in particular.

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About the Product

This product is chlorine dioxide-based with a five-year shelf life. Twenty tablets come in a package—only one tablet for purification, equating to twenty liters cleansed. Wait time is, again, thirty minutes for most pathogens—up to four hours for a complete cleanse. The tablets don't leave an aftertaste in the water after the four-hour mark, unlike with iodine or straight chlorine; but the Aquamria will smell before the purification process is complete because of its potency.

This product can work with an Aquamria filter to remove any dirt or other visible solids in the beverage. This is an EPA registered water purifier. Product weight is 0.2 ounces. Dimensions are 5 x 5 x 5 inches.

The Manufacturer

Aquamria is a water purification company with international recognition for its humanitarian projects and quality products since the late 20th century.

Aquatabs AQT100 Water Purification Tablets (Pack of 100)
  • Trusted for over 20 years for use in emergency situations
  • Hurricanes - tornados - earthquakes - floods
  • Over 3 billion gallons of water treated annually

About the Product

This product is chlorine-based with a five-year shelf life. A hundred tablets come in a package—only one pill for purification, equating to two-hundred liters cleansed. Wait time is only thirty minutes for a complete cleanse. These tablets will kill most pathogens and parasites within thirty minutes. Unlike most chlorine tablets, the Aquatabs does not leave residual taste or odor after the full thirty minutes. Someone can use this product for a variety of water sources, from rainwater, lakes, rivers, and cisterns. Compared to other brands, Aquatabs is a fast-acting product.

The Manufacturer

For over twenty years, NGOs and other emergency companies have relied on Aquatabs and their products—treating three billion gallons per year. Aquatabs has an international reputation for its quality products.

Potable Aqua Water Purification Tablets With PA Plus - Two 50 count...
  • One Bottle of 50 Potable Aqua Germicidal Water Purification Tablets With One Bottle of 50 PA Plus
  • Makes contaminated water bacteriologically suitable to drink within 35 minutes
  • Effective against bacteria and Giardia lamblia

About the Product

This product is iodine-based with a four-year shelf life unopened—one-year shelf life opened. Fifty tablets come in a package—treating twenty-five liters of water. Wait time is thirty-five minutes for a complete cleanse. These tablets will kill most pathogens and parasites within thirty-five minutes but are not effective against Cryptosporidium. This product is unaffected by colder temperatures, but has a distinct iodine taste and smell to it.

The bottle is EPA registered for water purification. The dimensions are three inches by one inch, weighing 1.4 ounces.

The Manufacturer

Potable Aqua is a trusted brand for militaries and emergency organizations across the globe. Hikers and campers are also fond of Potable Aqua and their fast-acting and convenient to use iodine tablets.

Aquatab Water Purification 100 Tablets TAC-H2O
  • Illustrated Tri-Fold Color Manual Included.
  • Use one 49mg USA/UK/NATO/UN Mill-Spec Aquatab tablet for up to 5 litres of water. Up to 500L total of water treatment...
  • Safety heat sealed in 4-layer 140 micron thick TAC-H20 Mylar pouch. Resealable zip-lock, waterproof, sunlight proof,...

About the Product

This product is chlorine-based with a five-year shelf life. A hundred tablets come in a package—only one pill for purification, equating to five-hundred liters cleansed. Wait time is just thirty minutes for a complete cleanse. These tablets will kill pathogens and parasites like dysentery, cholera, and typhoid within thirty minutes. Unlike most chlorine tablets, the Aquatabs do not leave residue taste or odor. TAC is a globally EPA approved product because of its active chemical designed for long-term water drinkability.

The Manufacturer

Tac-Bar Tactical Food Rations is a humanitarian organization that sells prepper goods and water purification globally. They were involved in supplying aid during Hurricane Matthew in the Bahamas during 2016.

The Verdict

Our Pick for the Best Water Purification Tablets

After a careful examination of our research, we have concluded that the Katadyn Micropur MP1 performs the best as far as quality and taste. The TAC-H2O comes in second for its price and the number of tablets that purify five-hundred liters per product. The Katadyn Micropur MP1 will perform better, but we recommend the TAC for those seeking a more economical choice.

The Aquatabs, Aquamria, and Potable Aqua brands did not meet our research's standards because of residue odor and taste issues, price per tablet, and insufficient information provided by the wholesaler.


Water purification is now one of the most important facets of life on this planet. Proper purification ensures health for both you and your family members, wherever you may be in the world, providing a convenient and lightweight option for clean water. Because of their flexibility and ease of use, water purification tablets are used worldwide by military and campers alike.

Our research suggests the Katadyn Micropur MP1 for the best quality water with taste, which is ideal for a camping vacation or hiking venture. The TAC-H2O is better for a cheaper, long-term option like an international trip to a third-world country or a military campaign.

We hope this article has helped you with your water purification questions. Remember to choose the best water purification tablets that suit your needs and stay hydrated.

Featured image via Amazon

Survival 101: Water Purification Methods to Keep You Alive and Healthy

running water

Featured Image by fancycrave.com via pexels.com

Whether you're out in the wild or surviving a disaster, the importance of the right water purification methods cannot be overstated.

These days many people are used to drinking pre-purified water out of plastic bottles sold in stores.

While those are handy, the likelihood of finding a convenience store deep in the backcountry is pretty slim.

Therefore, you'll need to know the best water purification methods to survive.

Why Water Purification Methods Are so Important

Stream of Water

Image via Pexels

Perhaps you've seen Hollywood movies where the grizzly bearded outdoorsman or soldier survives by drinking water straight from a river or creek.

He dips into the stream with gnarled dirty hands and looks around suspiciously as he drinks.

First of all:

That guy's an idiot.

you idiot giphy

Image via Giphy

Even the most pristine and unpolluted river or creek is teeming with microscopic contaminants that are more dangerous than any grizzly bear or enemy soldier.

Drinking water not treated by water purification methods is a sure ticket to a lot of pain, sickness, and even death.

Fun Fact:

Roughly 70 percent of planet Earth is covered in water. Only 2.5 percent of it is drinkable. Plus, only one percent of it is easily accessible, with the rest trapped in snowfields and glaciers.

In the wild, you're probably drinking Bambi poop

bambie slipping giphy

Image via Giphy

Oh, come on.

What could be so wrong with drinking water that hundreds of animals probably drink every day?

Okay, first of all, would you drink out of a glass that hundreds of animals also drank from?

If not, then you have your answer.

Here is another question, though:

Would do you drink out of your toilet?

toilet bowl giphy

Image via Giphy

Most people don't realize this, but animals in the wild also do their business in rivers and creeks.

Yes, those same sources of water that look so fresh and pure on postcards are filled with poop from animals (maybe even a few humans).

Also, there's this:

Due to the size and solitude of many wilderness areas, it's easy to forget that you're not the only person to access a particular water source.

It's almost a certainty that others have probably bathed, swam, washed dishes or clothes and done their business in the wild water source that you're about to drink out of.

Water purification methods can ensure your drinking water is poop free.

Diseases, parasites, and infections, oh, my!

Maybe you're wondering what's the harm in drinking a little poop every now and again?

Okay, fair enough.

In that case:

Here are a few unwanted guests lurking in untreated water, just waiting for you to take a sip.

Oh, and by the way, there are a lot more.


Cholera is a waterborne bacterial illness that impacts the intestine.

Sounds, fun!

Its symptoms include watery diarrhea and vomiting, which can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.

According to a 2013 report by the Global Health Observatory of the World Health Organization (WHO), 47 countries reported 129,064 cases of cholera.

A total of 43 of this number came from Africa, while 47 percent came from the Americas.


you have died of dysentery giphy

Image via Giphy

Dysentery is perhaps one of the most common waterborne diseases out there.

It's responsible for the deaths of over 600,000 children who've yet to reach the age of five who come mostly from developing countries.

Here's why:

A microorganism called Shigella causes this bacterial disease, and just like the cholera bacterium, this little gut-wrecker attacks the cells of the large intestine.

Symptoms include abdominal cramps, anal pain, and bloody stool.

Fun Fact:

"About 6,800 gallons (25,700 liters) of water is required to grow a day's food for a family of four." -- Espwaterproducts.com

Salmonella and E.coli

old spongebob giphy

Image via Giphy

These two bacterial diseases have a lot in common.

Here's what we found:

They both thrive in unsanitary conditions, such as filthy water containing feces.

Animals are known to spread salmonella through their feces.

A particular strain of the Escherichia coli can make toxins that cause illness.

Both of these water bacteria present similar symptoms in infected individuals: abdominal cramps, high fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.

In the worst cases of E. coli infection, people have experienced kidney failure.


Dracunculiasis may sound like something out of Transylvania, but its nickname isn't Dracula.

It's actually known better as Guinea worm disease, based on the worm that causes it.

This disease is contracted when someone drinks water contaminated with this creature's eggs, larvae, or both.

It gets better:

When the larvae grow up, they can develop up to a meter long.

Female worms can move through an infected person's subcutaneous tissue and eventually emerge.

More often than not, they come out through the feet.

By that time a person will experience painful ulcers, fever, vomiting, and nausea.

Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, made famous by the true story of Typhoid Mary.

Mary Mallon, known as Typhoid Mary, lived from 1869 to 1938.

She was an Irish-American cook who was the first person identified in the U.S. as an asymptomatic carrier of Typhoid fever.

Throughout her career as a cook, Mary is believed to have infected up to 51 people, three of whom died.

Typhoid fever is a bacteria similar to Salmonella typhi.

However, in addition to possible diarrhea, victims suffer from a severe skin rash with rose-colored spots on the chest and abdomen.

As with the case with Typhoid Mary, carriers of this illness can also be free from symptoms and go on to infect others who are not so lucky.

Check out this video:

Fun Fact:

Typhoid Mary infected people because she refused to wash her hands.


The bacterium Clostridium botulinum is the culprit that creates the condition known as botulism.

The infections start with fatigue, problems with eyesight, and slurred speech, symptoms common with many water diseases.

That's not the worst of it:

Eventually, it progresses to weakness in the facial muscles, which ultimately spreads to the arms and legs.

If it's not treated immediately with antibiotics, an antitoxin, or both, the condition could lead to death as this little devil can affect the production of saliva and breathing.

Not a fun way to go for sure.

Fun Fact:

"To produce one chicken, we need 330 gallons of water."

-- Espwaterproducts.com

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

Recently discovered in 2003, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrom (SARS) is a disease with no known cure.

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared SARS a global health threat due to its numerous recent outbreaks, mostly in places like Hong Kong and mainland China where the disease may have originated.

When SARS comes to the party, it enters the system through the fluids of an infected person.

One starts to develop flu-like symptoms until it advances into something that resembles pneumonia.

In the worst cases, this disease can result in death.


An oldie but goodie, the Poliovirus causes poliomyelitis, also known as Polio.

Thankfully, there is a vaccine to prevent the onset of this virus.

However, there are still cases of outbreaks where the virus has been reported in several developing countries.

The virus is usually spread through ingestion, where this micro-nasty has the power to produce dizziness, vomiting fever, and bowel and bladder dysfunction.

And that's being polite:

The virus can also cause overall muscle weakness to paralysis, and at worst even death.

Alarming facts and statistics about waterborne diseases

The WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program published a report in 2017 about the progress of drinking water.

The report found that in 2015, 29 percent of the global population (roughly 2.1 billion people) lacked safely managed sources of drinking water.

Every year the lack of water purification methods leads to more than 3.4 million deaths from waterborne diseases, making it the leading cause of death and disease around the world.

Sadly, it's much worse:

Most of those deaths are young children, about 4,000 per day.

From 2013 to 2014, in the United States, waterborne diseases caused 289 cases of sickness, 108 hospitalizations, and 17 deaths.

The 8 Different Water Purification Methods

cat taking a shower giphy

Image via Giphy

There are several different water purification methods you can use to transform contaminated water into clean drinkable water.

Each method has its benefits and downsides.

Below a list of a few water purification methods along with their pros and cons.

Here's what we found:

1. Boiling

Boiling is a tried and true method of purifying water.

It's also the cheapest and safest way to go.

This is what you need to do:

To use this method effectively, water must be brought to a boil and left at a rolling boil for one to three minutes.

However, for people living in higher altitude areas, it's recommended that they boil water longer.

This is because water boils at lower temperatures in higher altitudes.

Before drinking, boiled water should be covered and left to cool.

Water drawn from wells should be left to sit awhile to allow compounds to settle before you filter out the clean water for use.


Kills bacteria, parasites, protozoa, and algae

Destroys viruses

Easy and simple


Doesn't kill organic chemicals

Does not eliminate inorganic chemicals

Can't eliminate radionuclides

Requires some kind of fuel to produce heat

Taste can be affected

Risk of injury


Water must cool before drinking

2. Mechanical filters

Mechanical filters are physical mesh-type barriers that allow water to pass through while filtering larger contaminants in the water.

These filters are commonly used in aquariums to help improve water clarity and remove fish poop.

The pore size or space between media fibers are granules. They determine the size particles a filter can remove.

Mechanical filters remove elements such as clay, ferric iron, silt, and sand.

These filters can be made from materials such as carbon, nylon, ceramic, and plastic.

They also block some pathogens such as colloids (suspended matter), bacteria, and viruses.

People who draw their water from an underground well may use one or more mechanical filtration to filter water before it reaches a storage tank.

There are three types of mechanical filters:

  • 1
    Cartridge sediment filters
  • 2
  • 3
    Multimedia filters

Cartridge sediment drinking water filters

Cartridge sediment filters only remove suspended solids.

Manufacturers rate the filters according to the size of particles they remove.

The filter material is often corrugated or wound to provide the maximum surface area needed for filtration.

Cartridge sediment filters can treat either point-of-entry or point-of-use.

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These filters include pleated paper, cotton, polyester, and polypropylene.

Pleated polyester and polypropylene are the most expensive but can be cleaned and reused several times.

These filters are used as pre-filters when unfiltered water could reduce the service life or effectiveness of another treatment device.

In other words:

They are used as the first line of defense.


Removes larger particles such as suspended solids

A good first line of defense

Can be used as point-of-use or point-of-entry filter

Some can be washed and reused


Not good for removing smaller pathogens like parasites, protozoa, algae, and bacteria

Doesn't work well against viruses

Not effective against organic or inorganic chemicals

Hydrogen sulfide must be oxidized into solid particles via ozonation or chlorination before cartridge sediment filter can remove it

Decreases water flow when clogged

Must be replaced or washed frequently

Lowest flow rate

Media drinking water filters

Media filters are made up of different components that include a filter medium, a tank, a support system, and an underdrain.

These are point-of-entry devices and used as pre-filters before suspended solids in untreated water can reduce the effectiveness or service life of the primary treatment device.

The filter medium generally measures between 24 and 36 inches deep. The medium can be materials such as aluminum silicate, silica sand, or anthracite.

The tank encloses the filter medium. The support system, typically gravel, prevents the medium from being washed out of the device. Water enters the filter tank through the top then percolates through the medium, which captures any suspended solids. Treated water exits the device via the underdrain.

These filters can be cleaned using a process called backwashing, which reverses the direction of water flow through the filter by forcing water from the bottom of the tank to the top.

The flow expands the media bed and washes any collected solids out of the filter.

Manufacturers leave directions on how often to backwash their devices.


Can be cleaned and reused using backwashing.

Generally offers a better flow rate than cartridge sediment filters

Captures suspended solids

A generally better first line of defense than cartridge sediment filters

May require less frequent cleaning than cartridge sediment filters

Removes iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide


Ineffective at filtering viruses

Not as effective at filtering bacteria, parasites, protozoa, and algae

May not filter all organic or inorganic chemicals

Dissolved iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide must be oxidized into solid particles via ozonation or chlorination before media filter can remove them

Requires cleaning

Backwashing puts additional water into your septic system

Backwashing also increases water consumption

Can reduce water flow

Fun Fact:

"90% of all Americans receive their drinking water from a public water supply." -- Espwaterproducts.com

Multimedia drinking water filters

These filters share the same construction as media filters, except the tank encloses three or four layers of different filtration media.

As with single layer media filters, multimedia filters can be backwashed and reused.

Multimedia filters are point-of-entry devices.

In a multimedia filter, the coarsest media layer is on the top.

Each successive lower layer is finer.

Here's an example:

One multimedia filter may have plastic beads or bituminous coal on the top.

Then followed by layers of anthracite coal, then sand, then garnet.

Unlike single media filters that trap particles at the top, multimedia filters trap particles throughout the entire depth of the column.


Can be cleaned and reused via backwashing

Requires less frequent cleaning than media filters and cartridge sediment filters

Typically offers a better flow rate than cartridge sediment and media filters

Captures suspended solids

Reduces water flow rate less than cartridge sediment filters

A generally better first line of defense than cartridge sediment filters and media filters

Removes iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide


Not effective at filtering viruses

Also not 100 percent effective at filtering bacteria, parasites, protozoa, and algae

May not filter all organic or inorganic chemicals unlike some other water purification methods

Dissolved manganese, iron, and hydron sulfide must be oxidized into solid particles via ozonation or chlorination before media filter can remove it

Requires cleaning

Backwashing puts additional water into your septic system

Furthermore, backwashing increases water consumption

Can reduce water flow

3. Activated carbon filters

These filters are a form of treated carbon that's highly porous and have a large surface area, making it ideal for filtration.

The effectiveness of this filter depends on factors such as:

  • The contact time between the filter and water
  • Concentration of contaminants
  • The filter bed depth
  • Type of activated carbon installed

The most common types of carbon filtration systems are granular activated filters (GAC) and powdered block filters.

GAC is made from organic materials with high carbon properties such as lignite, wood, and coal.

The main difference between GAC and powdered block filters (PAC) are their particle sizes.

GAC filters larger particles and PAC filters smaller.

GAC can be used for post-filtration absorption where GAC is placed after the conventional filtration process.

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Image via Giphy

It can also be used for filtration-absorption in which some or all the filter media contained in a granular media filter is replaced with GAC.

In post-filtration, the GAC contractor gets the highest quality water and therefore only has to remove dissolved organic compounds.

Backwashing GAC in this configuration may be unnecessary unless there's excessive biological growth.

By allowing longer contact times than filter-absorbers, post-filtration also offers the most flexibility for handling GAC and designing specific absorption conditions.


Improves the taste and odor of drinking water, unlike some other water purification methods

Removes contaminants such as chlorine and Iodine residuals, detergents, and radon

Filters some man-made chemicals such as pesticides

Filters volatile organic chemicals (VOCs), which are usually plant-thinning products

Can also remove heavy metals and lead (but must be a specific type of activated carbon filter)


Does not remove nitrates, sodium, fluoride, microbes, and water hardening compounds

When clogged can drop water flow

Even PAC filters offer no filtration against pathogens such as bacteria, parasites, algae, and protozoa

Not effective at removing dissolved inorganic impurities

Ineffective at removing metals such as salts, copper, minerals, and certain radionuclides

Low flow rate with clogged filters

Even PAC filters can't remove viruses

GAC filters can incur bacterial growth

GAC filters require special disposal and can't be regenerated by washing

Water may pass through areas in the GAC that bypass the carbon in the charcoal filter

Fun Fact:

"More than half of the water used in a home is used in the bathroom." -- Espwaterproducts.com

4. Distillation

No, we aren't talking about the alcohol distillation process.

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Image via Giphy

Distillation is a water purification method in which heat is used to produce pure water from vapor.

This method is effective because water has a lower boiling point than diseased elements and contaminants found in water.

During distillation, water is subjected to a heat source until it attains boiling point.

It's left at boiling point until it vaporizes.

This vapor is directed into a condenser to cool.

While cooling, the vapor is reversed into liquid water that's clean and safe for drinking.

Solar powered distillation filters use energy trapped in solar panels which are then converted to usable energy that distills water.


Removes bacteria, germs, and salts

Effective at filtering viruses

Filters heavy metals such as lead, arsenic, and mercury

Works well for raw untreated water

Removes soluble minerals such as magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus that can harden water

Filters some radionuclides


The process can not strip water of synthetic chemicals such as pesticides, herbicides, and chlorine solutions that have a lower point than water

Distillation is a slow process

Requires an energy source

Only effective at treating small quantities of water

Difficult to maintain at a constant temperature

Can take gallons of dirty water to produce one gallon of clean water

Strips natural trace elements from water which could make the water very acidic

Some studies claim drinking distilled water can be harmful to the body

Doesn't make great tasting water

Does not filter some radionuclides

5. Reverse osmosis

Reverse osmosis uses a semi-permeable membrane containing tiny pores through which water can flow.

The small pores of this membrane restrict organic compounds that have a larger molecular composition than water.


Restricts organic compounds such as salt and other natural minerals

Filters bacteria and disease-causing pathogens

Blocks viruses

Filters inorganic compounds

Filters some radionuclides


Ineffective against VOCs that are molecularly smaller than water such as herbicides, pesticides, and chlorine

Removes healthy natural trace minerals

Reverse osmosis treated water can be unhealthy for the body

Strips water of good taste

Wastes about three gallons of water for every one purified

Incredibly slow compared to other water purification methods

Doesn't filter some radionuclides

6. Chemicals

Chemicals are also used to treat water for consumption.

The most common chemicals used to treat water are chloramides, chlorine dioxide, and hydrogen peroxide.

That's not all:

Chloramines (chlorine) is the most common way to purify drinking water and can be used in either tablet or liquid form.

Chlorine dioxide is a type of chlorine that's also used to purify drinking water, but it's much less commonly used.

Hydrogen peroxide is usually combined with an activator called formic acid.


Kills bacteria, germs, and other pathogens

Also kills viruses

Cheap and effective

Works fast

Helps remove bad tastes and odors

Controls growth of slime and algae in pipes and storage tanks

Helps remove unwanted nitrogen compounds


Not good for people with thyroid conditions

Must apply chlorine tablets in heated water 69-degrees Fahrenheit or higher

Linked to increased risk of cancer over a lifetime exposure

Does not kill Cryptosporidium, which killed over 100 people in Michigan in 1993

Can increase susceptibility to tuberculosis

Can cause inflammation of mucous membranes of the nose

Causes corrosion of the teeth

One major problem with excess chlorine is that it can combine with organic material in water to create substances such as Trihalomethanes, which can cause liver, kidney, and nervous system damage.

Fun Fact:

"There are still an estimated 240,000 water main breaks per year in the United States, wasting over two trillion gallons of treated drinking water." -- Espwaterproducts.com

7. Ultraviolet (UV)

Ultraviolet (UV) water purification uses electromagnetic radiation to decontaminate drinking water.

Sounds cool, right?

The UV light is produced by using a germicidal or mercury vapor lamp with glass that grants optimal shortwave UV light a fully transparent surface that it can pass through.

The shortwave radiation then decontaminates the water.


No chemicals

Annihilates bacteria, germs, pathogens, and viruses

Kills fungus


Only useful as secondary filtration, cannot filter large suspended solids

Any color present in the water will hinder the UV radiation's effectiveness

More expensive

Does not filter heavy metals

Can miss some micro-organisms

UV radiation does not stay in the water

Water may require post chemical treatment

8. Ion exchange

The water treatment process known as ion exchange is used for softening or demineralizing water.

Here's what we found:

But, it can also remove other substances in water when used in processes such as deionization, dealkalization, and disinfection.

Ion exchange describes a particular chemical process in which unwanted dissolved ions are swapped for ions with a similar charge.

Ions are molecules or atoms containing a total number of electrons not equal to the total number of protons.

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Image via Giphy

I know, science is rough.

Stay with me:

Cations are positively charged ions, and anions are negatively charged.

The principle behind ion exchange involves attraction.

Cations are attracted to cathodes, which are negatively charged electrodes by which electrons enter an electrical device.

While anions are attracted to anodes, electrodes that have a positive charge.

The ion exchange process involves a solid (either resin or zeolite) and a liquid (water).

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Image via Giphy

In the process, the less desired compounds are exchanged for those considered more desirable.

These desired ions are loaded onto the resin material.

During the exchange of cations, positively charged ions that come into contact with the ion exchange resin are swapped with positively charged ions (usually sodium) available on the surface of the resin.

Likewise, the anion exchange involves negatively charged ions swapping out with negatively charged ions (usually chloride) on the resin surface.

This process also removes other contaminants that include fluoride, nitrates, sulfate, and arsenic.

Furthermore, there are specialized resins that can treat contaminants such as perchlorate and uranium.

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Image via Giphy

Bottom line: the ion exchange method works.


Treats inorganic chemicals

Treats some radionuclides


Doesn't treat bacteria, parasites, protozoa, and algae

Not good for treating viruses

Not effective against organic chemicals

This water purification method is very effective in areas that use nuclear energy such as the Asian-Pacific region.

Finding Water Sources in the Wild

Lake in the wilderness

Image via Pexels

While it's essential to use the right water purification methods to make water safe to drink, first you must be able to find it.

The most obvious sources of water in the wild are streams, rivers, and lakes.

However, there are also other methods you can employ to collect drinking water.

Once again keep in mind:

You'll need to apply at least one of the many water purification methods before you can drink the water you collect.

7 ways you can collect water in the wild

Below we have listed some of the ways you can collect the water you need to survive while in the wild.

Check them out:

1. Collect rainwater

One of the easiest and safest ways to collect drinking water is by collecting rainwater.

Rainwater has almost zero risks of giving you a waterborne infection.

However, keep in mind:

Your collection container would need to be sterile. Otherwise, you can still catch an infection.

Also, in urban areas, rain must travel through a wide variety of pollutants that you definitely don't want to chug down.

There are two primary ways you can collect rainwater.

  • 1
    One way is to use a container.
  • 2
    Another way is to tie the corners of a makeshift tarp around the trees a few feet off the ground.

For method two, place a small rock in the center to create a depression, and let the water collect.

You can also place a container under the tarp to catch any water that leaks through.

If you use either of these methods, don't forget to use a water purification method before drinking.

Fun Fact:

"Most of the earth's surface water is permanently frozen or salty." -- Espwaterproducts.com

2. Fruits and vegetation

Plants such as fruits, vegetables, cacti, fleshy-pulpy plants, and even roots contain a lot of water.

man eating cactus giphy

Image via Giphy

To collect water from any of these sources simply collect the plants and place them in some kind of container.

Now the fun part.

Go full-caveman (or woman) and mash them into a pulp with a rock to collect their fluid.

It won't be much, but in desperate situations, even a little is a lot.

The method works well in tropical environments where vegetation and fruits are abundant.

Coconuts are an especially excellent source of hydration.

Unripe, green coconuts are better.

Take note:

The milk from ripe coconuts acts as a laxative, which will only serve to dehydrate you further.

3. Collect plant transpiration

Another simple option for water collection is taking advantage of plant transpiration.

Plants sweat fluid when moisture from the plant's roots is carried to its leaves.

From there it usually evaporates into the atmosphere.

But you can catch the water before that happens.

To get started, first thing in the morning, tie a bag or something you can use for one (the larger, the better) around a leafy green shrub or branch.

Then place a rock in the bag to weigh it down a bit so the water will have a cavity to collect.

Thought the day, the plant will transpire and its moisture will collect in the bag rather than evaporate into the atmosphere.

Keep in mind:

Make sure you're not doing this with a poisonous plant or else prepare to drink some pain.

4. Tree crotches and rock crevices

The crotches of tree limbs or crevices within rocks can be small collecting places for water.

In arid areas, such as deserts, look for bird droppings around a rock crevice which can indicate the presence of water inside, even if it's unseen.

To remove the water from cracks, crevices, and crotches, just sink a piece of cloth into the area.

Let the cloth soak up any moisture and wring it out into a container.

You can repeat this process as many times as needed, but keep in mind it's likely to be a tiny bit of water.

5. Dig an underground still

One method, which is also found in a U.S. Army manual, is to dig an underground still.

The benefit of this method is that it provides a more reliable, and fairly substantial, source of water compared to some other techniques.

Plus, you'll be able to measure roughly how much you can expect, which helps with planning and rationing.

There are also above-ground varieties of sills.

The underground is your best bet for collecting the most water.

But, there's no reason you can't use both if you have enough material or can't dig a large hole.

Here are the supplies you'll need:

  • Container (the biggest you've got)
  • Clear plastic sheeting
  • Digging tool
  • Rocks
  • Optional: something to use as a drinking straw such as bamboo or some other plant)


  • 1
    Find an area that collects a lot of sunlight during the day.
  • 2
    Dig a bowl-like pit about three inches wide by two inches deep.
  • 3
    Dig an additional small hole at the bottom of the pit for your container.
  • 4
    Place your container in the pit (if you have a tube you can run it out of the container).
  • 5
    You can also line the pit with vegetation to help capture more moisture.
  • 6
    Cover the hole with plastic using rocks and soil to keep it in place.
  • 7
    Put a small stone in the center of your sheet, so that it hangs and creates an inverted cone over the container.
  • 8
    Collect your water from the container; you can also drink it from your straw or store it in another container for later use.

There's almost always moisture in the ground at that depth, that reacts to the sun's heat to produce condensation.

The inverted cone forces the condensation down from the plastic sheet into your container.

Using this method you can expect anywhere from half to a full liter of water per day.

With that in mind:

You'll need more than one or another source of water for an entire day's supply.

Fun Fact:

"A person can live about a month without food, but only about a week without water." -- Espwaterproducts.com

6. Melt snow and ice

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Image via Giphy

This technique is especially useful in mountainous areas where snow and ice are more abundant well into the summer and sometimes year round.

If you're near or on the ocean in a polar region, look for icebergs for a source of fresh water.

You can also find fresh water in "old ice" that has been through rain and thaws.

Keep in mind:

This is different from salty ice, which is opaque and gray, freshwater ice has a bluish color and crystalline form.

Fresh ice water also splinters easily with a knife.

If you're in a boat surrounded by salt water, you can collect some in a container and allow it to freeze.

Fresh water will freeze first, while the salt will accumulate as slush in the middle.

Simply remove the ice and discard the slush.

While ice and snow are great sources of water, it should always be melted and purified before drinking.

Also, eating snow and ice will lower your body temperature. This causes dehydration caused by the need for your metabolic rate to speed up so your body can remain warm.

The best way to melt snow and ice and make it taste good is to mix it with all the water you already have available, even in small amounts.

Then just slosh it around until the snow or ice melts.

If you're using fire to heat it in a container, add a bit of other water to it.

Otherwise, heating snow or ice directly can burn it and produce a foul tasting drink.

Well, just dig a well

small hut in a middle of a rice field

Source: UnSplash

To dig a well, start digging.

The best places are anywhere you see dampness on the ground or green vegetation.

Dig a hole a few feet deep, and it's likely you'll start seeing water seeping in.

You can also do this at the feet of cliffs, in a dry river bed, in valleys and low areas.

Additionally, you can dig behind the first depression behind the first sand dune of a dry desert lake.

This method isn't always a guarantee and the water, if any, will be coarse and very muddy.

Which is why you'll need to employ one of many water purification methods before you can drink it.

Fun Fact:

"An acre of corn will give off 4,000 gallons (15,000 liters) of water per day in evaporation."~Espwaterproducts.com

Do not try to drink "water substitutes"

This is a terrible idea that should be avoided in all but the direst circumstances.

Generally, non-water substitutes only make things worse for your health and vitality.

These substitutes have a few harmful side effects.

Here's a list of common substitutes and their adverse effects.

  • Alcohol: Getting your buzz on will cause dehydration and clouds better judgment
  • Blood: Fangs back, Dracula, this substitute can transmit disease and has a very high salt content (which means more dehydration)
  • Saltwater and sea ice: These contain about four percent salt and it takes your body more water to get rid of waste from seawater than you get from it
  • Urine: Despite the manly myth behind drinking your own urine, this yellow water substitute contains harmful body waste and about two percent salt
In any desperate survival situation, you may find yourself tempted to try ingesting non-water liquids as a way to stay alive.

Also, keep this in mind when it comes to urine:

Urine is about 95 percent water, but the other five percent are waste products that can cause kidney failure if ingested for more than a short period.

Okay, there's always that person in the crowd who's like:

"Yeah, but what if you've got no other choice?"

Well, let's put it this way:

If you've got no other choice but to drink your own urine, then you're probably going to die anyway.

With that in mind:

Do you really want to spend your final moments tasting your own pee?

And on that note, we hope you've enjoyed reading about water purification methods.

Remember always to purify your water to stay safe and healthy.

high quality h2O giphy

Image via Giphy

Featured image via Pexels.

NorthStar Water Softener: Is It The Solution You Are Looking For?

northstar water softener

The Northstar water softener can help you turn your hard water to soft water. This review will explain why it might be the solution you are looking for.

Hard water is damaging on your pipes, to your clothing and even to your skin. Instead of treating the problems associated with hard water, it’s a time and money saver to focus on the problem of hard water itself.

The Northstar water softener might be the solution you’re looking for. This review will explain why.

Do you have a hard water problem? Do you know if you have a hard water problem? The truth is that not many people know that they do and others may not know how to deal with it.

Some homeowners will live with their hard water problem because they think that they have to. They might not have all of the details on water softeners and they may not realize their capabilities. There is no reason to suffer with hard water, however. There are many water softeners on the market.

We are going to go over the Northstar Water Softener. Before we get into the specifics of the Northstar, it is important to understand what water softeners can do.

They draw out the extra magnesium ions and calcium and exchange them with sodium or potassium. These devices can help prolong the life of your water heater, your pipes and protect the health of your skin.

How To Know If You Have Hard Water

If you found this review, then you probably already suspect that you have hard water. You may be looking for a solution because you are tired of just dealing with it.

Maybe your plumbing bill has gone up or you’re worn out of cleaning the scale off your appliances. Whatever the case, here are five clear signs that you have a hard water problem.

Dry Skin and Hair

If you’re fighting with dry skin and hair, no matter what soaps, conditioners or moisturizers that you use, it may be your water. What happens is there is so much calcium and magnesium in the water that it settles onto your skin. When it does this, it leaves an irritating residue. Additionally, hard water may block your pores. If you suffer from breakouts, this can easily be your problem.

Stains in the Sink and Bathtub

Stains are one of the most common complaints that lead people to believe that they have a hard water problem. As the water evaporates, the minerals do not. They are left behind as deposits in your bathtub and sink.

Now, there are ways that you can remove these stains. Some people use vinegar, whereas others swear by bleach and powdered detergent to remove the deposits. While these are fixes for stains, they aren’t going to stop them from forming again. For that, you need the water softener.

Faded Clothes and Linens

While clothes and linens fade after a while through washing, you’re going to notice the fading a lot more quickly and dramatically when you have a hard water problem.

Not only will they look faded, but they may also feel scratchy due to the mineral deposits.

Scale Buildup

Mineral deposits really are the most obvious signs of hard water. This is usually how you know for sure. If you start to see scale build up on your coffee pot, tea kettle or other appliances, then you need to consider that you probably are dealing with hard water. To make it worse, these deposits are also taking place in your pipes.

This can make it difficult for water to pass through due to the buildup.

If you aren’t sure what scale is, it is simply this chalky substance that builds up due to the calcium and magnesium.

Plumbing Repairs

If you have steel pipes, you will notice the buildup and problems from hard water a lot faster than if you have copper or PVC pipes.

If your water is not flowing well, this might be why. While the copper and PVC pipe take more time for you to notice the restricted flow, it can happen. This can lead to valves leaking and other issues.

Plumbing is expensive and having to deal with repairs regularly can take a lot out of your pocket. You have to deal with the source of the problem. Usually, when you invest in a water softener, many of these problems begin to disappear quickly.

How To Know How Hard Your Water Is

While you can see the symptoms of hard water easily, you still might want to have a stronger confirmation. The best way to do this is to have your water tested.

After all, there are different gradations of water hardness that may require different softeners. Luckily, you can get a test from home improvement stores like Lowes, Home Depot or even Amazon and other online retailers.

Of course, you can also have it tested by a city or county professional. Some places have water testing services that you can rely on. This is usually an affordable and easy option. All you have to do is bring in a water sample.

Another bonus of getting your water tested is because it tells you the levels of the minerals in the water, as well as metals. It can also tell you if you have chlorine, acidity or bacteria in your water.

While you might be most interested in water hardness, some homeowners like to get a full test done. Knowing how hard your water is will not only help you choose a water softener but it can give you peace of mind when you suspect there is something wrong with your water.

What Is the Northstar Water Softener?

North Star NST45UD1 Ultra Demand Water Softener
  • Rated Efficiency (grains/lb. at lb. Salt dose): 5120 at 2.6
  • Backlit LCD display
  • Features "Look Ahead" technology for peak performance

The Northstar Water Softener is one brand of water softeners. Not only have they been around since the 1920s, but they have high quality products that could allow them to rise to the top of the water softener industry.

What sets them apart from other brands is their technology. For the sake of this review, we’re going to detail some of the technology that gives them an advantage over some of their competitors.

Look Ahead Technology

When it comes to Northstar, you’re going to hear a lot about Look Ahead Technology. This programming is the core feature of their water softeners. This feature is what manufacturers use to monitor the water usage so that it can create a pattern.

This means that it can predict when to regenerate and when to stop. This process saves on softener salt because the device isn’t going to start the regeneration process unless it has to. It is only going to use the amount of softener you need.

Super Cap Time Keeper

With most water softeners, if the power goes out, the device is going to revert to its default settings. This means that you have to reset it all over again.

With the Northstar softener, however, it will keep its timing for up to three days during a blackout situation. The steps are simple, just put it in the current time when the power comes back and your system will remember its settings.

No Worry Setting

You don’t have to turn your machine off or put it into vacation mode if you aren’t using it. Since the Northstar water softeners do not regenerate soft water when you do not need it to, you don’t have to worry when you go on vacation or leave it.

Environseal Circuitry Protection

One of the worries when it comes to water softeners is salt corrosion. This feature protects your circuitry from this. In addition, if your softener is in a humid area, it is not going to break down as easily.

Counter-Current Regeneration

The point of this feature is to direct the water at the bottom of the resin tanks for a better-quality regeneration cycle.

When it comes to technological advancements and features, Northstar is at the top of its game. No matter which softener you need, you still get some of the same technologies. If you have a smaller family or if you need a softener for a commercial business, these features come with each one.

Product Specifications: Northstar Water Softener

Since there are several Northstar water softener in their line, we’re going to cover the product specifications that are true to every model. Units come in a variety of sizes with different features and price ranges attached to them.

Northstar not only specializes in home water softening systems but also commercial systems.

icons8-compare-100 hamilton beach water dispenser

How It Compares: NorthStar Water Softener

Northstar is not actually a popular brand. This is not because they are worse than others are, but instead has a lot to do with the way that Northstar markets itself.

Other brands tend to look better and have a stronger reputation in the industry. This is not due to poor quality, however. The Northstar systems have what it takes to compare to the leading brands. In fact, most reviewers and consumers list them among the best.

Kenmore and GE are names that you may be more familiar with seeing in stores. One thing that Kenmore has over Northstar, for instance, is the contemporary look to their softeners. One thing to note is that the other two brands are cheaper than Northstar at a similar capacity.

Kenmore 38620 Water Softener, Gray
  • Track water flow rate, current/average usage and salt levels with alerts for low salt or sudden, continuous water flow...
  • Dual softening and filtration that purifies and removes chlorine taste/odor without replacement filters
  • Avoid unexpected trips for salt while taking steps to reduce unnecessary water usage


  • Get notified about low salt levels by a warning light


  • This particular model is that it’s much pricier than other softeners 

GE Appliances 40,000 Grain, GXSH40V Water Softener, Gray
  • GE exclusive custom select blending valve - Allows you to select how soft you want your water
  • GE exclusive salt saver - Helps reduce salt consumption and uses up to 34% less salt (Based on internal analysis verses...
  • GE exclusive days to empty - Makes sure you never have to guess when to refill the salt tank


  • Water saving technology included


  • Expensive

North Star NST45UD1 Ultra Demand Water Softener
  • Rated Efficiency (grains/lb. at lb. Salt dose): 5120 at 2.6
  • Backlit LCD display
  • Features "Look Ahead" technology for peak performance


  • Look ahead technology.
  • Warranty included
  • Some models include LCD display
  • Energy efficient
  • No worry settings


  • Need technical qualifications.
  • May leak
  • On the expensive side

At the end of the day, it is important to check out the reviews on the product and pay close attention to the specs of each water softener.

For many people, the pros and cons are obvious without having purchased the product. It’s best if you know what you need before you shop around for a water softener.

Conclusion: Northstar Water Softener

When you have a hard water problem, you do need to find a solution. Not only are you going to fight a losing battle with hard water stains and dry skin, but hard water causes damage to your pipes over time.

As any homeowner knows, plumbing bills are rarely affordable, especially once there is already damage done. The best way to deal with hard water is through preventing it from damaging your pipes.

When it comes to the Northstar line of water softeners, we think that it is worth the look. As far as other customer reviews are concerned, people do say that they saw a reduction in hard water problems. Not only is it useful, but it is easy to use and maintain. For the most part, these softeners have positive feedback.

Lowes Water Softener: We Give You The Best We Found

How Does a Water Softener Work

Buying a Lowes water softener may be the best solution in the long and short term. We reviewed the ones available and help you find the best.

Lowe's is one of the largest home improvement stores in the world. It offers a wide range of products for your home at exceptional values. Among their stock are several options for water softeners. What are the best Lowe's water softeners available right now? Check out the information we've gathered below to find out.

How We Came Up With This List Of Lowes Water Softener

We understand that your time is valuable. We searched through the available inventory at Lowe's to compile this list to help you get the basic facts about your choices, so you can make the most informed decision quicker.

Overall Price Range

The products we reviewed ranged in price from $$ to $$$.

The 10 Best Lowes Water Softener




Price & Rating

No products found.

No products found.

Size/Capacity: 1 to 6 people

Salt Water System: No

Warranty: Yes

No products found.

Whirlpool 60,000 Lowes Water Softener


Size/Capacity: 1 to 6 people 

Salt Water System: No 

Warranty: Yes 


No products found.

No products found.

Size/Capacity: 1 to 6 people

Salt Water System: No

Warranty: Yes

No products found.

No products found.

No products found.

Size/Capacity: 1 to 6 people

Salt Water System: Yes

Warranty: Yes

No products found.

Whirlpool 31000 Lowes Water Softener

Size/Capacity: 1 to 5 people

Salt Water System: Yes

Warranty: Yes

Whirlpool SMART 46000 Lowes Water Softener

Size/Capacity: 1 to 5 people

Salt Water System: Yes

Warranty: Yes

Krystal Pure KS 64000 Lowes Water Softener

Size/Capacity: 1 to 6 people

Salt Water System:Yes

Warranty: Yes

Krystal Pure KS 42,000 Lowes Water Softener

Size/Capacity: Unknown

Salt Water System: No

Warranty: Yes

Indoor/Outdoor Whole House Electronic Descaler Conditioner Treatment...

Size/Capacity: 1 to 6 people

Salt Water System: No

Warranty: Yes

Scalewatcher 3 Original Electronic Descaler | USA Made & Patented Hard...

Size/Capacity: 1 to 3 people

Salt Water System: No

Warranty: Yes

No products found.

No products found.

​The Pelican PSE1800 softens the water flowing to every tap and shower head in your home without the use of salt or chlorine.

Instead, it utilizes a powerful carbon water filter along with NatureSoft water softener to dispense high quality water throughout your home. Installation is easy as the Pelican PSE1800 doesn't require a dedicated water drain or source, nor does it use electricity.


  • Installation may take longer than indicated
  • Pricy


  • Reduces sediment and scale by up to 99.6 percent
  • Dual system softens and filters water
  • Serves the whole home by drastically reducing hardness, sediment, scale, chlorine, Chloramine and other chemicals
  • Extends the life of appliances and plumbing pipes by reducing the hard water build up
  • Inhibits bacterial growth





Whirlpool 60,000 Lowes Water Softener

This Whirlpool consists of a two-tank system that holds more salt-facilitating water softening to a larger home and family. 

Basic professional installation is included in the price of the system


  • High salt capacity
  • Rids the system of hard water build-up
  • Provides up to 15 percent more water flow


  • Complaints received regarding customer service
  • Pricy system
  • Salt may clog system flow and function 





No products found.

No products found.

Ready to install softener-only system can be used indoors or put outside as long as the temperatures don't dip below freezing. 

The KS15 does not use salt, just Pelican's NaturSoft water softener, which should be added as needed.


  • No salt system so it won't clog
  • Small profile
  • No drainage needed
  • No electricity
  • Leaves beneficial minerals behind


  • Pricy system
  • Cleaning solution also pric





Whirlpool 31000 Lowes Water Softener

Much like the Pelican PSE1800, the Whirlpool Pro Series Filter 31,000 pulls double duty as both a water softener and a filter, providing chlorine and chemical-free water to every faucet in your home. 

6th Sense patented technology minimizes salt consumption over time by learning your usage habits. No replacement filter is required.


  • Basic installation by a professional included in purchase price
  • Extends the life of appliances and plumbing fixtures
  • Reduces hard water spots and buildup
  • Reduces chemical smells
  • Removes iron at 3 PPM
  • No salt means no residue in the water


  • Installation built in to the purchase price
  • Maintenance recommendations include the consistent purchase and use a water softener system cleanser, which can become costly





Whirlpool SMART 46000 Lowes Water Softener

WiFi-enabled to sync to the Iris smart-home monitoring system, which informs you of system flow rate, sodium levels and amount of water processed per day.

The system stores up to 200 pounds of salt, making it ideal for larger households.


  • High salt capacity
  • Home monitoring system will inform you if something is wrong


  • Must have the Iris smart-home system to receive benefits





Krystal Pure KS 64000 Lowes Water Softener

Larger capacity than the previous Krystal Pure model (reviewed below), so it processes and cleans more water with the same efficiency.

This unit contains a special flex fix valve to aid in adding it to existing pipework, making installation easier. The water is processed and softened in an unobtrusive manner, and the system needs little to no maintenance.


  • Smart usage technology learns patterns and reduces sodium use
  • Dual tanks help ensure no clogging of the primary valve
  • User can check salt levels quickly using the on-screen display


  • The smart usage tech doesn’t always work efficiently
  • Read the fine print in the warranty as it varies





Krystal Pure KS 42,000 Lowes Water Softener

A hard-working and intelligent addition to your home, the Krystal Pure KS10 reduces sediment and iron, softens water and monitors your home's water consumption.

In this way, it helps maximize salt water processing capability to conserve it. Two tanks mean less of a chance the salt will block the system.


  • Transferrable lifetime warranty on valve body, resin and tanks
  • Dual tanks increase efficiency without taking up much space
  • User can check salt levels quickly using the on-screen display


  • The smart usage tech doesn’t always work efficiently
  • Read the fine print in the warranty as it varies





Outdoor mounted system uses magnets to descale hard water for indoor or outdoor use. This model is perfect for use by homes with city or well water.

The system is effective in keeping unsightly orange stains from ruining your home's exterior.


  • Small
  • Mounted on the house inside or out
  • Utilizes mineral crystallization to zap contaminants out of your household water supply
  • Chemicals inside the water remain unchanged, which leaves healthier minerals


  • Technology not always effective
  • May wear out quicker
  • Pricy





Scalewatcher 3 Original Electronic Descaler | USA Made & Patented Hard...
  • PATENTED ORIGINAL: Keep lime build-up at bay with the original electronic descaler. Don’t settle for imitations that...
  • SUPERIOR LIMESCALE CONTROL: No more clogged appliances; no more cloudy dishes. The Scalewatcher 3 Star electronic water...
  • SALT-FREE; LOW MAINTENANCE: Unlike salt-based water conditioners that are pricey to maintain, our salt-free electric...

The simple design of the Scalewatcher 3 makes it an easy add-on to any home water system. The unit attaches to existing pipes and conditions water without the use of additives.

Instead, the technology utilizes magnets to reduce harmful additives and buildup while leaving healthy minerals intact.​


  • Mounts on a wall
  • No tank
  • All electrical system
  • Small


  • Not as effective as tank units
  • Hard water tends to return quicker
  • Processing warranty claims may be lengthy and frustrating





Lowes Water Softener FAQs

What Is a Water Softener? 

If you have hard water, you may notice that your soap doesn't get as sudsy or your skin is very dry. Hard water is the result of mineral deposits left behind from water sources that contain it. 

Both city water and well water can contain an over-abundance of these minerals that, over time and with regular use, can start to leave stains and reduce the efficiency of your water-dependent appliances. 

How Does a Water Softener Work? 

Hard water can cause the rapid breakdown of your plumbing system, your water heater, dishwasher and washing machine by leaving deposits of minerals and caking up filters and hoses. 

Over time, this build-up starts to clog water intake and outflow, as well as have an effect on dishes, laundry and the like. Water softeners were created to gently and efficiently remove the buildup of excess minerals in the water supply. This removal is accomplished with the help of a mineral tank that facilitates an ionic exchange between the water and the tank. 

The water flows through the tank where the positive ionic components grab the bad minerals. The softer water then flows out of the tank and into a water heater or directly into the house for immediate use. Salt is the common way to facilitate the ionic exchange. 

Water Softener vs. Water Filter: What Are the Differences? 

Water filters differ from water softeners as they serve two separate functions. However, they can both be included in one system. Water filters use carbon to sift out harmful chemicals, contaminants and unpleasant odors from water as it flows to the tap. 

These filters can be installed directly onto the sink dispensing the water. The purpose is to filter the water enough to make it safer and more pleasant to drink. If the water filtration system is included as part of the softener, they will both act together at the water's source to soften and then subsequently filter out further chemicals. 

A benefit to having a water filter and water softener in one is it filters the water to the entire home, not limiting filtered water to the faucet it is installed on. 

How Much Does a Water Softener Usually Cost? 

Water softeners range in cost and are dependent upon the size of the system and the way in which it processes water. One key factor in any decision like this is the size of the home. You do not want to get an inadequately sized water softener, or it will cease to function due to burden and demand. The larger the system, the higher the price and ongoing maintenance. Furthermore, there are also systems that do not use salt to facilitate the ionic exchange. They may use a particular cleansing solution or they use magnets. All of these factors affect the bottom line.

How We Came Up With This List Of Lowes Water Softener

We understand that your time is valuable. We searched through the available inventory at Lowe's to compile this list to help you get the basic facts about your choices, so you can make the most informed decision quicker.

How We Came Up With This List Of Lowes Water Softener

The products we reviewed ranged in price from $$$ to $$$$.

The Verdict: Lowes Water Softener

We know that you still might be a little unsure about the benefits of installing a water softener in your home; however, ridding your pipes of the mineral buildup that makes your water less than ideal is something worth considering. 

The above 10 options all range in size, shape and function with the highest-rated and most recommended one being the Pelican Water Filter/NatureSoft Combo. The price is high, but Pelican's reputation, the lifetime warranty and the fact it softens and filters water make this system a clear winner. 

Never again will you have overly dry skin or hair as a result of hard water and mineral buildup. With the help of a Lowes water softener, particularly this Pelican dual-functioning model, you will never have problems with bad tasting water or stains around your drains and in your driveway. 

Instead, you'll be wondering why you waited so long to take the plunge and turn every faucet into pure bliss.